are two SPOKEN styles/dialects of Chinese language. As an official spoken dialect,
Mandarin is widely used in Mainland China, Taiwan area and Singapore.
Cantonese is specifically used in Hong Kong and Guangdong province in China only.
Mainland China, we don’t have this exact word of Mandarin, instead, we call
official dialect as “Pu Tong Hua”, which means the “common
language” in English. So where does this word “MANDARIN”
come from? There is saying that the pronunciation of this
word sounds like “Man Da Ren” in Chinese, which indicates the
“Officials of Qing Dynasty”. Anyway, Mandarin is the official dialect
in China, that's all we need to know.
is a Chinese dialect in China's Guangdong province and in Hong
Kong only. So why does this dialect become so well known in the western world?
is because the Grangdong province was the earliest in China to start
its communication and economic exchange with the western world more
than one hundred years ago (Hong Kong was then a small village in
the south coast of Guangdong). Many Chinese people
who came to live
in the United States and Canada in the earlier years were either from
Guangdong or Hong Kong, therefore their accent
(Cantonese) is much more heard by western people than any
things started to change in the recent years. Now more and more people
from Mainland China came to United States and Canada either to study or as
immigrants. And due to China's increasing economical importance, Mandarin
has become more and more important than Cantonese.